Convention No. 190 and Recommendation No. 206 set out principles and guidance for States to put in place strong and effective reporting and dispute resolution mechanisms for addressing violence and harassment (Convention No. 190, Arts 4(2) and 10; Recommendation No. 206, Paras 14–22).
Violence and harassment, including gender-based violence and harassment, is often under-reported. Reasons for violence and harassment not being reported include, for instance, lack of information and awareness about what constitutes violence and harassment; fear of reprisal, including termination of employment; and lack of trust that the system will actually deliver remedies to make the complainant whole again.
Moreover, research shows that victims who do report cases often have worse careers, mental health, and physical health than those who do not formally complain. Some studies also show that investigations are often inadequate, that perpetrators are rarely sanctioned, and that complainants, particularly women and individuals belonging to vulnerable groups, frequently have to leave their jobs and interrupt their careers (Dobbin and Kalev 2020).

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6.1. Enabling reporting and improving enforcement

6.2. What do Convention No. 190 and Recommendation No. 206 provide in relation to monitoring mechanisms?